Results 3 resources
Bernardo Gois, F. N., Lima, A., Santos, K., Oliveira, R., Santiago, V., Melo, S., Costa, R., Oliveira, M., Henrique, F. das C. D. M., Neto, J. X., Martins Rodrigues Sobrinho, C. R., & Lôbo Marques, J. A. (2021). Predictive models to the COVID-19. In U. Kose, D. Gupta, V. H. C. de Albuquerque, & A. Khanna (Eds.), Data Science for COVID-19 (pp. 1–24). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824536-1.00023-X
Following the World Health Organization proclaims a pandemic due to a disease that originated in China and advances rapidly across the globe, studies to predict the behavior of epidemics have become increasingly popular, mainly related to COVID-19. The critical point of these studies is to discuss the disease's behavior and the progression of the virus's natural course. However, the prediction of the actual number of infected people has proved to be a difficult task, due to a wide range of factors, such as mass testing, social isolation, underreporting of cases, among others. Therefore, the objective of this work is to understand the behavior of COVID-19 in the state of Ceará to forecast the total number of infected people and to aid in government decisions to control the outbreak of the virus and minimize social impacts and economics caused by the pandemic. So, to understand the behavior of COVID-19, this work discusses some forecast techniques using machine learning, logistic regression, filters, and epidemiologic models. Also, this work brings a new approach to the problem, bringing together data from Ceará with those from China, generating a hybrid dataset, and providing promising results. Finally, this work still compares the different approaches and techniques presented, opening opportunities for future discussions on the topic. The study obtains predictions with R2 score of 0.99 to short-term predictions and 0.93 to long-term predictions.
Marques, J. A. L., Cortez, P. C., Madeiro, J. P. D. V., Fong, S. J., Schlindwein, F. S., & Albuquerque, V. H. C. D. (2019). Automatic Cardiotocography Diagnostic System Based on Hilbert Transform and Adaptive Threshold Technique. IEEE Access, 7, 73085–73094. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2877933
The visual analysis of cardiotocographic examinations is a very subjective process. The accurate detection and segmentation of the fetal heart rate (FHR) features and their correlation with the uterine contractions in time allow a better diagnostic and the possibility of anticipation of many problems related to fetal distress. This paper presents a computerized diagnostic aid system based on digital signal processing techniques to detect and segment changes in the FHR and the uterine tone signals automatically. After a pre-processing phase, the FHR baseline detection is calculated. An auxiliary signal called detection line is proposed to support the detection and segmentation processes. Then, the Hilbert transform is used with an adaptive threshold for identifying fiducial points on the fetal and maternal signals. For an antepartum (before labor) database, the positive predictivity value (PPV) is 96.80% for the FHR decelerations, and 96.18% for the FHR accelerations. For an intrapartum (during labor) database, the PPV found was 91.31% for the uterine contractions, 94.01% for the FHR decelerations, and 100% for the FHR accelerations. For the whole set of exams, PPV and SE were both 100% for the identification of FHR DIP II and prolonged decelerations.
Marques, J. A. L., Gois, F. N. B., Xavier-Neto, J., & Fong, S. J. (2021). Predictive Models for Decision Support in the COVID-19 Crisis. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-61913-8
COVID-19 has hit the world unprepared, as the deadliest pandemic of the century. Governments and authorities, as leaders and decision makers fighting the virus, enormously tap into the power of artificial intelligence and its predictive models for urgent decision support. This book showcases a collection of important predictive models that used during the pandemic, and discusses and compares their efficacy and limitations. Readers from both healthcare industries and academia can gain unique insights on how predictive models were designed and applied on epidemic data. Taking COVID19 as a case study and showcasing the lessons learnt, this book will enable readers to be better prepared in the event of virus epidemics or pandemics in the future.