Results 2 resources
Bernardo Gois, F. N., Lima, A., Santos, K., Oliveira, R., Santiago, V., Melo, S., Costa, R., Oliveira, M., Henrique, F. das C. D. M., Neto, J. X., Martins Rodrigues Sobrinho, C. R., & Lôbo Marques, J. A. (2021). Predictive models to the COVID-19. In U. Kose, D. Gupta, V. H. C. de Albuquerque, & A. Khanna (Eds.), Data Science for COVID-19 (pp. 1–24). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824536-1.00023-X
Following the World Health Organization proclaims a pandemic due to a disease that originated in China and advances rapidly across the globe, studies to predict the behavior of epidemics have become increasingly popular, mainly related to COVID-19. The critical point of these studies is to discuss the disease's behavior and the progression of the virus's natural course. However, the prediction of the actual number of infected people has proved to be a difficult task, due to a wide range of factors, such as mass testing, social isolation, underreporting of cases, among others. Therefore, the objective of this work is to understand the behavior of COVID-19 in the state of Ceará to forecast the total number of infected people and to aid in government decisions to control the outbreak of the virus and minimize social impacts and economics caused by the pandemic. So, to understand the behavior of COVID-19, this work discusses some forecast techniques using machine learning, logistic regression, filters, and epidemiologic models. Also, this work brings a new approach to the problem, bringing together data from Ceará with those from China, generating a hybrid dataset, and providing promising results. Finally, this work still compares the different approaches and techniques presented, opening opportunities for future discussions on the topic. The study obtains predictions with R2 score of 0.99 to short-term predictions and 0.93 to long-term predictions.
Gois, F. N. B., Marques, J. A. L., de Oliveira Dantas, A. B., Santos, M. C., Neto, J. V. S., de Macêdo, J. A. F., Du, W., & Li, Y. (2023). Malaria Blood Smears Object Detection Based on Convolutional DCGAN and CNN Deep Learning Architectures. In R. Lee (Ed.), Computer and Information Science (pp. 197–212). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-12127-2_14
Fast and efficient malaria diagnostics are essential in efforts to detect and treat the disease in a proper time. The standard approach to diagnose malaria is a microscope exam, which is submitted to a subjective interpretation. Thus, the automating of the diagnosis process with the use of an intelligent system capable of recognizing malaria parasites could aid in the early treatment of the disease. Usually, laboratories capture a minimum set of images in low quality using a system of microscopes based on mobile devices. Due to the poor quality of such data, conventional algorithms do not process those images properly. This paper presents the application of deep learning techniques to improve the accuracy of malaria plasmodium detection in the presented context. In order to increase the number of training sets, deep convolutional generative adversarial networks (DCGAN) were used to generate reliable training data that were introduced in our deep learning model to improve accuracy. A total of 6 experiments were performed and a synthesized dataset of 2.200 images was generated by the DCGAN for the training phase. For a real image database with 600 blood smears with malaria plasmodium, the proposed Deep Learning architecture obtained the accuracy of 100% for the plasmodium detection. The results are promising and the solution could be employed to support a mass medical diagnosis system.